The history of Archaeology in the University could be traced back to 1963, when Prof. D. D. Hartle was hired. Initially, Hartle was given a laboratory in the then Science Faculty Building. Subsequently, for some obscure reasons, he moved base from the Faculty of Science to the Faculty of Arts where archaeology became subsumed under the Department of History. Given the scientific nature of the discipline and the resultant disagreement between archaeologists and historians, it became clear that archaeology with its scientific methodology needed a separate existence. It was also hoped that this separation would enable the department to grow more rapidly. This dream was realized on August 1, 1981, when the Department of Archaeology was created. It began with a B.A. Combined HonoursProgramme, and in 1985, the Single HonoursProgramme was introduced. In an attempt to bring the departmental programme in line with current trends in Archaeology as well as the desire to equip students to face the challenges posed by today=s globalized environment, the department of Archaeology in 2004 developed an embracing curriculum leading to B.A. Hons in Archaeology and B.A. Hons in Tourism.
The programme has currently been revised into an inclusive B.A. (Hons) Degree in Archaeology and Tourism. Thus, the Department of Archaeology and Tourism presents a revised undergraduate programme leading to B.A. (Hons) degree in Archaeology and Tourism. Archaeology could be combined with the following subjects as both four-year and three-year Honours Degree programme: History, Linguistics, Languages, Fine and Applied Arts, Religion, Sociology/Anthropology, Philosophy, Geography, Geology, Botany.
In addition to courses taught through formal lectures, students are required to do supervised laboratory practical and undertake at least three field trips, which involve participation in Archaeology or a combined discipline. Those offering the B.A. (Honours) Degree in Archaeology and Tourism are also required to undertake a minimum of two internship programmes to qualify for the award of the degree.
The department offers service courses to departments in the Faculty of Education, and to Departments of History, Fine and Applied Arts and other interested departments that may require some knowledge of the subject. For example, Fundamentals of Archaeology, Theory and Methods in Archaeology, Human Evolution, etc., give some insight of what Archaeology is all about.
The Department offers a four-year B.A. Honours degree programme in History and International Studies for students admitted by entrance examination, and a three-year B.A. Honours degree programme for students admitted by direct entry. In this programme International Studies means aspects of world politics and economy. The Department also offers a B.A. degree programme which combines History and International Studies with one of the following, Archaeology, Education, English, Library Science and Information Technology, and Religion.
The programme hinges on (i) the fact that the world has become a global village, making the component parts increasingly inter-dependent or inter-related; and (ii) the knowledge that a meaningful history course provides must emphasize the events and trends of the past which are relevant to the current problems, needs and aspirations of the immediate and the wider world.
The objective of the programme is to give students a broad and firm grounding in History and International Studies in general in the best traditions of the discipline. The programme is expected to acquaint the students with the past and current events which have impact and are impacting significantly on mankind.
The programme covers the political, economic, social, cultural and religious aspects of African History in particular and the wider world in general. Courses in International Relations are also studied. The programme adopts a concentric approach with Nigeria as the epicenter. Courses on African Historical experiences and relations with those of the world beyond are also included. This is to enable the students not only to compare and contrast African historical experiences with those of the world beyond but also to understand the dynamics of the constantly changing relationship between Africa and other continents.